Container Image Requirements

The CloudNativePG operator for Kubernetes is designed to work with any compatible container image of PostgreSQL that complies with the following requirements:

  • PostgreSQL executables that must be in the path:
    • initdb
    • postgres
    • pg_ctl
    • pg_controldata
    • pg_basebackup
  • Barman Cloud executables that must be in the path:
    • barman-cloud-backup
    • barman-cloud-backup-delete
    • barman-cloud-backup-list
    • barman-cloud-check-wal-archive
    • barman-cloud-restore
    • barman-cloud-wal-archive
    • barman-cloud-wal-restore
  • PGAudit extension installed (optional - only if PGAudit is required in the deployed clusters)
  • Appropriate locale settings


Only PostgreSQL versions supported by the PGDG are allowed.

No entry point and/or command is required in the image definition, as CloudNativePG overrides it with its instance manager.


Application Container Images will be used by CloudNativePG in a Primary with multiple/optional Hot Standby Servers Architecture only.

The CloudNativePG community provides and supports public PostgreSQL container images that work with CloudNativePG, and publishes them on

Image tag requirements

While the image name can be anything valid for Docker, the CloudNativePG operator relies on the image tag to detect the Postgres major version contained in the image.

The image tag must start with a valid PostgreSQL major version number (e.g. 14.5 or 15) optionally followed by a dot and the patch level.

This can be followed by any character combination that is valid and accepted in a Docker tag, preceded by a dot, an underscore, or a minus sign.

Examples of accepted image tags:

  • 11.1
  • 12.4
  • 13
  • 14.5-10
  • 15.0


latest is not considered a valid tag for the image.